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作文 > 英语作文 > 英语写作指导 > 小升初英语记叙文写作指导

小升初英语记叙文写作指导

2016-03-10

  记叙文是记人叙事的文章,它主要是用于说明事件的时间、配景、起因、历程及结果,即我们通常所说的五个“ W ”( what, who, when, where, why )和一个“ H ”( how )。记叙文的重点在于“述说”和“描写”,因此一篇好的记叙文要叙述条理清楚,描写生动形象。下面就谈谈英语记叙文的特点和写好记叙文的基本要领。

  1. 叙述的人称

  英语的记叙文一般是以第一或第三人称的角度来叙述的。用第一称体现的是由叙述者亲眼所见、亲耳所闻的经历。它的优点在于能把故事的情节通过“我”来转达给读者,使人读后感应真实可信,如身临其境。如:

  The other day, I was driving along the street. Suddenly, a car lost its control and ran directly towards me fast. I was so frightened that I quickly turned to the left side. But it was too late. The car hit my bike and I fell off it.

  用第三人称叙述,优点在于叙述者不受“我”运动规模以内的人和事物的限制,而是通过作者与读者之外的圈外人,直接把故事中的情节展现在读者面前,文章的客观性很强。如:

  Little Tom was going to school with an umbrella, for it was raining hard. On the way, he saw an old woman walking in the rain with nothing to cover. Tom went up to the old woman and wanted to share the umbrella with her, but he was too short. What could he do? Then he had a good idea.

  2. 动词的时态

  在记叙文中,记和叙都离不开动词。所以动词泛起率最高,且富于变化。记叙文中用得最多的是动词的已往的,这是英语记叙文区别于汉语记叙文的要害之处。英语写作的优美之处就在于这些动词时态的变化,正是这一点才使得所记、所叙有鲜活的动态感、鲜明的条理感和立体感。

  3. 叙述的顺序

  记叙一件事要有一定的顺序。无论是顺叙、倒叙、插叙照旧补叙,都要让读者能弄清事情的来龙去脉。顺叙最容易操作,较容易给读者提供有关事情的空间和时间线索。但这种要领也容易使文章显得平铺直叙,读起来平淡乏味。倒叙、插叙、补叙等叙述要领能有效地提高文章的结构效果,让所叙之事跌宕起伏,使读者在阅读时思维发生较大的跳跃,从而为文章所吸引,深入其中。但这些要领如果使用不妥,则容易弄巧成拙,使文章结构散乱,头绪不清,让读者不知所云。

  4. 叙述的过渡

  过渡在上下文中起着承上启下、融会领悟的作用。过渡往往用在所在转移或时间、事件转换以及由归纳综合说明到具体叙述时。如:

  In my summer holidays, I did a lot of things. Apart form doing my homework, reading an English novel, watching TV and doing some housework, I went on a trip to Qingdao. It is really a beautiful city. There are many places of interest to see. But what impressed me most was the sunrise.

  The next morning I got up early. I was very happy because it was a fine day. By the time I got to the beach, the clouds on the horizon were turning red. In a little while, a small part of the sun was gradually appearing. The sun was very red, not shining. It rose slowly. At last it broke through the red clouds and jumped above the sea, just like a deep-red ball. At the same time the clouds and the sea water became red and bright.

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